Response of marine animals to petroleum and specific petroleum hydrocarbons

  • 177 Pages
  • 2.74 MB
  • 6264 Downloads
  • English
by
Applied Science , London
Marine ecology., Marine pollution., Oil pollution of w
StatementJerry M. Neff and Jack W. Anderson.
ContributionsAnderson, Jack W.
Classifications
LC ClassificationsQH541.5.S3
The Physical Object
Paginationx,177p. :
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL16492428M
ISBN 100853349533

Get this from a library. Response of marine animals to petroleum and specific petroleum hydrocarbons. [Jerry M Neff; Jack W Anderson] -- Result of extensive field and laboratory research dealing with the toxicity and sublethal biological effects of petroleum and specific petroleum hydrocarbons to marine organisms.

Summarizes the major. Response of Marine Animals to Petroleum and Specific Petroleum Hydrocarbons by Jerry M Neff,available at Book Depository with free delivery worldwide. Book Review: Response of marine animals to petroleum and specific petroleum hydrocarbons.

Neff and J. AndersonApplied Science Publishers Ltd, Author: R. Blackman. Response of marine animals to petroleum and specific petroleum hydrocarbons.

By J.M. Neff and J.W. Anderson. Topics: HYDROCARBONS, AQUATIC ANIMALS, Author: J.M. Neff and J.W. Anderson. Explore the latest full-text research PDFs, articles, conference papers, preprints and more on MARINE POLICY.

Find methods information, sources, references or conduct a literature review on MARINE. Purchase Fate and Effects of Petroleum Hydrocarbons in Marine Ecosystems and Organisms - 1st Edition.

Description Response of marine animals to petroleum and specific petroleum hydrocarbons EPUB

Print Book & E-Book. ISBNTo support researchers to publish their research Open Access, deals have been negotiated with various publishers. Depending on the deal, a discount is provided for the author on the Article Processing Charges that need to be paid by the author to publish an article Open Access.

In addition to contributions from recent oil spills and a regional background of natural petroleum hydrocarbons originating from active hydrocarbon systems in the northern Gulf of Alaska (GOA), pyrogenic and petrogenic PAH were, and continue to be introduced to subtidal sediments at numerous sites of past and present human activities.

During the early s about 35% of the petroleum hydrocarbons in the marine environmen' came from spills and discharges related to marine transportation; the remainder came from offshore oil and gas production, industrial and municipal discharges, stormwater discharges, river runoff, atmospheric deposition, and natural seeps9,10 (Figure   Thermal conductance of immersed pinniped and sea otter pelts before and after oiling with Prudhoe Bay crude.

In: Fate and effects of petroleum hydrocarbons in marine ecosystems and organisms, edited by D.A. Wolfe, Pergamon Press, New York, pp. LeBoef, B., Oil contamination and elephant seal mortality: a 'negative' finding.

Advertisement. Springer Nature is making SARS-CoV-2 and COVID research free. 2 days ago  Petroleum hydrocarbons (hydrocarbons that result from petroleum products such as oil, gasoline, or diesel fuel) pollution has become a global matter of environmental concern [].Petroleum is released into the environment as a result of industrial discharge, storage tank leaks, and other accidents [].There is substantial petroleum discharge into soil and aquifers.

Armoatic hydrocarbon-quinone-mediated reactive oxygen species in hepatic microsomes of the fish Platichthysflessus L. Compar. Biochem. Physiol. C, Lee, R.F., Accumulation and turn over of petroleum hydrocarbons in marine organisms.

In: Wolfe, D.A. (Ed.), Fate and Effects of Petroleum hydrocarbons in marine Ecosystem and Organsims. Specific petroleum hydrocarbon indicator compounds that have EPA cancer potency factors are assessed; these are benzene and benzo(a)pyrene. EPA relative potency factors can be used for benz(a)anthracene, indeno(1,2,3-cd)pyrene, dibenz(a,h)anthracene, chrysene, benzo(b)fluoranthene, and benzo(k)fluoranthene.

Noncarcinogenic Effects. HM 95 GUIDELINES FOR MARINE PETROLEUM CARGO SUPERINTENDENTS 5 FOREWORD The Energy Institute (EI) Hydrocarbon Management Committee is responsible for the production and maintenance of standards and guidelines covering various aspects of static and dynamic measurement of petroleum.

These systems provide early response to petroleum incidents in the marine environment and provide evidence that fauna and flora have a risk of being exposed to petroleum.

When exposed to petroleum, biota can take up petroleum hydrocarbons, especially chemicals with a log K ow greater than 3, and can have biochemical and physiologic responses to.

Petroleum pollution has become a serious environmental problem, which can cause harmful damage to the environment and human health. This pollutant is introduced into the environment from both natural and anthropogenic sources. Various physicochemical and biological treatments were developed for the cleanup of contaminated environments.

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However, bioremediation is based on the. Animal fats and vegetable oils are regulated under 40 CFRwhich has identical requirements for petroleum and non-petroleum oils. Petroleum oils, vegetable oils, and animal fats share common physical properties and produce similar environmental effects.

Like petroleum oils, vegetable oils and animal fats and their constituents can. Petroleum - Petroleum - Origin of hydrocarbons: Although it is recognized that the original source of carbon and hydrogen was in the materials that made up primordial Earth, it is generally accepted that these two elements had to pass through an organic phase to be combined into the varied complex molecules recognized as hydrocarbons.

The organic material that is the source of most. Molecular compounds composed exclusively of these two elements are called hydrocarbons. Petroleum hydrocarbons are predominantly one of two types, aromatics or alkanes. Aromatics, which are based on a 6-carbon ring, tend to be the molecular compounds in oil that are the most toxic to marine.

2 days ago  In this study, we investigated the removal mechanism of total petroleum hydrocarbons (TPH) from soil by microwave heating. TPH contaminated soil was investigated to determine the desorption behavior of five carbon number-based fractions of TPH.

The applied operating microwave power density influenced the final temperature that was reached during heating. Marsh shoreline, an important habitat for juvenile penaeid shrimps, was extensively oiled in coastal Louisiana by the Deepwater Horizon oil spill of The effect of this spill on growth was examined for brown shrimp Farfantepenaeus aztecus and white shrimp Litopenaeus setiferus held for 7 days in field mesocosms in Barataria Bay during May and Augustrespectively.

MARINE TRANSPORTATION % NATURAL SEEPS % ATMOSPHERIC RAIN % Figure 2. The budget of petroleum hydrocarbons in­ troduced into the oceans (adapted from National Academy of Sciences 1). SPREADING Several processes interact to alter the distribution and composition of petroleum released into the marine environment.

Contamination of the environment by petroleum products is a growing concern worldwide, and strategies to remove these contaminants have been evaluated. One of these strategies is biodegradation, which consists of the use of microorganisms.

Biodegradation is significantly improved by increasing the temperature of the medium, thus, the use of thermophiles, microbes that thrive in high. The number of linear chain alkanes hydrocarbon occupies the largest portion in petroleum and cycloalkanes hydrocarbon occupies the second largest.

Meanwhile, isoalkanes group, nitrogen, sulfur, and oxygen compounds, and also aromatic hydrocarbons contains in petroleum for number that small relative.

@article{osti_, title = {Accumulation and turnover of petroleum hydrocarbons in marine organisms (Chapter 6)}, author = {Lee, R.F.}, abstractNote = {The review deals with the uptake, storage and discharge of petroleum hydrocarbons by marine organisms under laboratory and field conditions.

Analyses of organisms collected from oil spill and chronically polluted areas are reviewed under.

Details Response of marine animals to petroleum and specific petroleum hydrocarbons EPUB

THE TERM OIL describes a broad range of hydrocarbon-based substances. Hydrocarbons are chemical compounds composed of the elements hydrogen and carbon. This includes substances that are commonly thought of as oils, such as crude oil and refined petroleum products, but it also includes animal fats, vegetable oils, and other non-petroleum oils.

Enter search terms. Keep search filters New search. Advanced search. Unconventional Petroleum Geology is the first book of its kind to collectively identify, catalog, and assess the exploration and recovery potential of the Earth's unconventional hydrocarbons.

Advances in hydrocarbon technology and petroleum development systems have recently made the exploration of unconventional hydrocarbons—such as shale gas, tight sandstone oil and gas, heavy oil, tar sand. Petroleum source rock is defined as the fine-grained sediment with sufficient amount of organic matter, which can generate and release enough hydrocarbons to form a commercial accumulation of oil or gas [].Source rocks are commonly shales and lime mudstones, which contain significant amount of organic matter [].A petroleum source rock is defined as any rock that has the.

Crude oil. Petroleum (crude oil) principally consist of carbon (83–87%) and hydrogen (12–14%) having complex hydrocarbon blend like paraffins, naphthenes, fragrant hydrocarbons, vaporous hydrocarbons (from CH 4 to C 4 H 10).Other than these, crude oil likewise contains little measure of non-hydrocarbons (sulfur mixes, nitrogen mixes, and oxygen mixes) and minerals, heavier crudes.

Marine mammals that rely heavily on bivalve molluscs for food, such as the walrus and otter, share a higher risk of ingesting petroleum hydrocarbons [44 as cited by 36]. Benthic amphipods are quite sensitive to spilled oil.

They are among the first marine animals killed and the slowest to recover [45 as cited by 36][email protected]{osti_, title = {Petroleum hydrocarbons}, author = {Petrov, A A}, abstractNote = {This book covers a wide range of subjects dealing with the chemical composition and molecular structure of hydrocarbons.

The paper discusses the general characteristics of petroleum hydrocarbons; sources and reactions of petroleum hydrocarbon formation; transformations of hydrocarbons in nature by.